Conflict And Social Transformation In Eastern Dr Congo Pdf

conflict and social transformation in eastern dr congo pdf

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Download full report English Spanish. It adopted a holistic and multi-sectoral approach to conflict prevention and peacebuilding based on conflict analysis. The focus was on community-based reintegration of returnees ex-combatants and displaced persons and survivors of sexual violence, improvement of absorption capacity and livelihoods, and community-based prevention initiatives.

Metrics details. The outbreak emerged in a region of chronic conflict and insecurity, and directed attacks against health care workers may have interfered with disease response activities. Our study characterizes and quantifies the broader conflict dynamics over the course of the outbreak by pairing epidemiological and all available spatial conflict data. We build a set of conflict variables by mapping the spatial locations of all conflict events and their associated deaths in each of the affected health zones in North Kivu and Ituri, eastern DRC, before and during the outbreak. Using these data, we compare patterns of conflict before and during the outbreak in affected health zones and those not affected.

Global Conflict Tracker

This article discusses the social mobility of combatants and introduces the notion of circular return to explain their pendular state of movement between civilian and combatant life. This phenomenon is widely observed in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo DRC , where Congolese youth have been going in and out of armed groups for several decades now. While the notion of circular return has its origins in migration and refugee studies, we show that it also serves as a useful lens to understand the navigation capacity between different social spaces of combatants and to describe and understand processes of incessant armed mobilization and demobilization. In conceptualizing these processes as forms of circular return, we want to move beyond the remobilization discourse, which is too often connected to an assumed failure of disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration processes. Armed groups and armed mobilization have gained increased attention in the study of civil war. Debates on the proliferation, incentives, strategies and discourses of armed groups have inspired different subfields of study including the political economy of war, governance and political order-making in conflict-affected areas, and rebel governance Schlichte a , b ; Adam et al.

We are no longer updating this blog. The year will be critical for the Democratic Republic of Congo. After much bloodshed and two years of brutal political repression leading up to and following the December 19, , deadline that marked the end of President Joseph Kabila's constitutionally mandated two-term limit, participants at talks mediated by the Catholic Church signed an agreement on New Year's Eve It includes a clear commitment that presidential elections will be held before the end of , that President Joseph Kabila will not seek a third term, and that there will be no referendum nor changes to the constitution. While the deal could prove to be a big step toward Congo's first democratic transition since independence, there's still a long road ahead. The government of the Democratic Republic of Congo is putting its own short-term interests over the well-being of the Congolese people.

Behind the Problem of Conflict Minerals in DR Congo: Governance

In the Democratic Republic of Congo DRC , the mining sector has the potential to play a pivotal role in post-conflict reconstruction World Bank, , and artisanal mining sustains the livelihoods of millions people in the country PACT, However, in the last 15 years, minerals from this artisanal mining have been ill-reputed. Eastern DRC has often been characterised by chronic instability and violent conflicts Autesserre, ; Stearns, because it is widely believed that minerals in this region have attracted the greed of national and foreign armed groups, who benefit from the mining business. In , 13 reform initiatives—10 focusing on 3T tantalum, tin and tungsten and three on gold—were operational in eastern DRC Cuvelier et al. This thesis thus presents a fine-grained case study of the iTSCi.

Stadium Coltan: artisanal mining, reforms and social change in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo

As legislation requiring large U. For many years, it has proved impossible to find a solution to the problem of the illegal exploitation of minerals in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo DRC by actors in the conflict. This report ruled out an embargo or moratorium on raw materials exports from the DRC, but insisted on the need to impose sanctions assets freeze and travel ban to stop the illegal exploitation and trading of natural resources. In addition to these measures, the report also insisted on accompanying institutional measures, particularly reform of the army and international regulation of trade in minerals. Adoption of the Dodd-Frank Act by the U,S, Congress in resulted in an upsurge of international initiatives to make trade in conflict minerals in the Great Lakes zone transparent and prevent it from financing the warmongers behind the troubles in eastern DRC.

However, election results have since been questioned. The Congolese government was unable to control and defeat the various armed groups, some of which directly threatened populations in neighboring countries, and war eventually broke out. M23 rebelled against the Congolese government for supposedly reneging on a peace deal signed in Weak governance and the prevalence of many armed groups have subjected Congolese civilians to widespread rape and sexual violence, massive human rights violations, and extreme poverty. Kivu Security Tracker.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

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