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- Optical trapping and manipulation of neutral particles using lasers.
- History of Optical Trapping and Manipulation of Small Neutral Particles, Atoms, and Molecules
- Optics and Photonics News
Optical trapping and manipulation of neutral particles using lasers.
Find more supplier details at the end of this encyclopedia article , or go to our. Optical tweezers belong to the most common tools for optical manipulation. As early as , it was demonstrated that laser beams can be used to trap and move small particles, e. This is possible due to various kinds of light forces. It was shown that bacteria can stay alive for long times and even multiply while being trapped by optical tweezers, provided that a suitable mid- infrared laser wavelength is chosen where little light is absorbed.
The forces exerted by optical tweezers e. Optical tweezers can also be used as an optical levitation trap, where a small particle is suspended in air, and gravity is compensated by the light forces. Smaller forces are required for particles in a liquid. This has been shown to work even with a supercontinuum source , which at the same time makes it possible to carry out spectroscopic investigations of the captured particle.
As the given examples illustrate, the main application of optical tweezers is in microbiology. They can be used to manipulate single cells, e. Note that there are also various other kinds of optical traps, which are applied to atoms or molecules. These partly also involve lasers, apart from electric and magnetic fields. Among them:. Here you can submit questions and comments. The author will decide on acceptance based on certain criteria.
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Sorry, we don't have an article for that keyword! Questions and Comments from Users Here you can submit questions and comments. Bibliography  A. Ashkin and J. USA 94, review article  P. Li et al. Liberale et al. Grigorenko et al. Samadi and N. Neves and C. B 36 6 , , doi Photonics Spotlight. Show articles A-Z. USA 94, review article.
History of Optical Trapping and Manipulation of Small Neutral Particles, Atoms, and Molecules
Optical tweezers originally called single-beam gradient force trap are scientific instruments that use a highly focused laser beam to hold and move microscopic and sub-microscopic objects like atoms , nanoparticles and droplets, in a manner similar to tweezers. If the object is held in air or vacuum without additional support, it can be called optical levitation. The laser light provides an attractive or repulsive force typically on the order of pico newtons , depending on the relative refractive index between particle and surrounding medium. Levitation is possible if the force of the light counters the force of gravity. The trapped particles are usually micron -sized, or smaller. Dielectric and absorbing particles can be trapped, too. Optical tweezers are used in biology and medicine for example to grab and hold a single bacterium or cell like a sperm cell , blood cell or DNA , nanoengineering and nanochemistry to study and build materials from single molecules , quantum optics and quantum optomechanics to study the interaction of single particles with light.
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: The techniques of optical trapping and manipulation of neutral particles by lasers provide unique means to control the dynamics of small particles. These new experimental methods have played a revolutionary role in areas of the physical and biological sciences. This paper reviews the early developments in the field leading to the demonstration of cooling and trapping of neutral atoms in atomic physics and to the first use of optical tweezers traps in biology.
Optics and Photonics News
A new generation of commercial instruments makes optical tweezers more accessible. These metrics are regularly updated to reflect usage leading up to the last few days. Citations are the number of other articles citing this article, calculated by Crossref and updated daily. Find more information about Crossref citation counts.
Single Molecule Spectroscopy pp Cite as. I was asked by Prof. Rigler to help introduce this conference on single molecule spectroscopy by reviewing the history of optical trapping and manipulation of small neutral particles.
Editor's Note: This story, originally published in the February issue of Scientific American, is being re-posted in light of Steven Chu's nomination as U. Before you turn another page of this magazine, consider your actions carefully. Every time you wish to grasp a page, you must place one finger above the paper and another below so that the distance between each finger and the paper is about equal to the diameter of an atom.
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