Fracture And Its Types Pdf

fracture and its types pdf

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The Different Types of Bone Fractures

When you break a bone, healthcare providers call it a bone fracture. This break changes the shape of the bone. These breaks may happen straight across a bone or along its length. A fracture can split a bone in two or leave it in several pieces. Healthcare providers can usually categorize a bone fracture based on its features.

A bone fracture is a medical condition where the continuity of the bone is broken. A significant percentage of bone fractures occur because of high force impact or stress. However, a fracture may also be the result of some medical conditions which weaken the bones, for example osteoporosis , some cancers , or osteogenesis imperfecta also known as brittle bone diseases. Here are some key points about fractures. More detail and supporting information is in the main article.

Bone fracture

A bone fracture, also known as a broken bone, is a common injury. As there are over bones in the body there are many variations and different types of fractures, and the course of your treatment and recovery will depend on which bone s broke and how.. In this article we look at the three primary types of fractures: open, closed, and displaced fractures. When a broken bone breaks through the skin, it is classified as an open fracture. The bone is sometimes visible through the wound. Open fractures can become infected and require surgical cleaning and treatment as soon as possible.

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A bone fracture abbreviated FRX or Fx , F x , or is a medical condition in which there is a partial or complete break in the continuity of the bone. In more severe cases, the bone may be broken into several pieces. Although bone tissue contains no pain receptors , a bone fracture is painful for several reasons: [3]. Damage to adjacent structures such as nerves, muscles or blood vessels, spinal cord, and nerve roots for spine fractures , or cranial contents for skull fractures may cause other specific signs and symptoms. Some fractures may lead to serious complications including a condition known as compartment syndrome. If not treated, eventually, compartment syndrome may require amputation of the affected limb.

Types of Fractures

In some cases, you even hear the bone when it cracks, which is both shocking and disconcerting. Then the shooting pain sets in and the inability to move the injured body part. Regardless of which experience you identify with, fractures can leave one feeling frustrated: about the pain, the inability to do simple tasks independently, and the interruption of job, sports, and hobbies. But not all fractures are created equal.

What is a fracture?

Bone Fractures

Learn more. Peconic Bay Medical Center has temporarily suspended all visitation at our hospital. See the latest Visitor Policies here. Our bones are designed to form a firm skeleton that anchors our other tissues. Despite the fundamental strength of bone, it is still susceptible to trauma and everyday wear and tear.

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A fracture is a broken bone. A bone may be completely fractured or partially fractured in any number of ways crosswise, lengthwise, in multiple pieces. Bones are rigid, but they do bend or "give" somewhat when an outside force is applied. However, if the force is too great, the bones will break, just as a plastic ruler breaks when it is bent too far. The severity of a fracture usually depends on the force that caused the break.

PDF | On Jan 1, , J.F. Kellam and others published Fracture classification | Find, read and one classi fication of its own, which was often of considerable.


There are several types of bone fractures, and each type can have slight variations. Different types of bone fractures can be open, closed, stable, displaced, partial, or complete. Transverse fractures are breaks that are in a straight line across the bone. This type of fracture may be caused by traumatic events like falls or automobile accidents. As the name suggests, this is a kind of fracture that spirals around the bone. Spiral fractures occur in long bones in the body, usually in the femur, tibia, or fibula in the legs.

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Задняя стенка ангара бесследно исчезла прямо перед. Такси все еще двигалось рядом, тоже въехав на газон. Огромный лист гофрированного металла слетел с капота автомобиля и пролетел прямо у него над головой. С гулко стучащим сердцем Беккер надавил на газ и исчез в темноте. ГЛАВА 84 Джабба вздохнул с облегчением, припаяв последний контакт.

 - Может, чего-нибудь выпьешь. - Нет, а-а… нет, спасибо, сэр.  - Ему трудно было говорить - наверное потому, что он не был уверен, что его появлению рады.

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